The most important vascular disease develops in the arterial circulation (the one responsible for the transport of blood
blood rich in oxygen and nourishment), generally affects individuals over 50 and is secondary
generally to atherosclerosis. The clinical manifestations are mainly affecting the medium-sized muscle arteries, such as the coronary, carotid, vertebral, iliac and femoral arteries.
The main risk factors associated with atherosclerosis are cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure.
The most serious consequences range from thrombosis to stroke, from ischemia to the legs to internal bleeding (rupture of aneurysm) with sometimes disabling or lethal outcomes.
The arterial diseases of greatest interest are the following:
Carotid steno-obstructive pathology
Aneurysmal pathology of the thoracic aorta
Aneurysmal pathology of the abdominal aorta
Steno-obstructive pathology: Aorto-lliaca
Pathology of the lower limbs
Pathology of the diabetic foot
For these diseases, the treatments currently in use are: direct surgical therapy (open), endovascular surgical therapy and mixed surgical therapy (hybrid).